Scaringella, Monica and Brianzi, Mirko and Bruzzi, Mara and Bucciolini, Marta and Carpinelli, Massimo and Cirrone, Giuseppe Antonio Pablo and Civinini, Carlo and Cuttone, Giacomo and Lo Presti, Domenico and Pallotta, Stefania and Pugliatti, Cristina and Randazzo, Nunzio and Romano, Francesco and Sipala, Valeria and Stancampiano, Concetta and Talamonti, Cinzia and Tesi, M. and Vanzi, Eleonora and Zani, M. (2013) The PRIMA (PRoton IMAging) collaboration: development of a proton Computed Tomography apparatus. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 730 , p. 178-183. ISSN 0168-9002. eISSN 1872-9576. Article.
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This paper describes the development of a proton Computed Tomography (pCT) apparatus able to reconstruct a map of stopping power useful for accurate proton therapy treatment planning and patient positioning. This system is based on two main components: a silicon microstrip tracker and a YAG:Ce crystal calorimeter. Each proton trajectory is sampled by the tracker in four points: two upstream and two downstream the object under test; the particle residual energy is measured by the calorimeter. The apparatus is described in details together with a discussion on the characterization of the hardware under proton beams with energies up to 175 MeV.
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