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Effects of heat stress and diet on milk production and feed and energy intake of Sarda ewes

Peana, Ilaria and Fois, Giuliano and Cannas, Antonello (2007) Effects of heat stress and diet on milk production and feed and energy intake of Sarda ewes. Italian Journal of Animal Science, Vol. 6 (Suppl. 1), p. 577-579. eISSN 1828-051X. Article.

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Abstract

Ten Sarda dairy ewes (5th-6th month of lactation; 1995 ± 353 g/d of milk yield) were divided into two isoproductive groups and fed two different diets (high and low fiber) from May 20th to June 18th 2003, to evaluate diet effects on milk yield and intake. In addition, the relationships between meteorological conditions, measured during that unusually hot period, and milk yield and quality, dry matter intake, NDF or NDL were determined, to study animal responses to heat stress. Diet did not have any significant effect on the evaluated parameters. Milk yield was reduced by 20% (0.39 kg/d per head) as minimum temperatures changed from 9-12 °C to 18-21 °C. Similar milk yield reduction was observed as mean temperature-humidity index (THI) went from 60-65 to 72- 75. As wind speed increased from 1.5-2.5 m/s to 2.5-4 m/s, milk yield increased by 10%. Milk composition was not affected by heat stress throughout the experiment except for milk somatic cell count, which was increased by high temperatures. Dry matter, fibre and net energy intake varied significantly during the trial, with consistent and marked decreases as heat load increased.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:964
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sheep, heat stress, milk, intake, Sardinia
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/19 Zootecnica speciale
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze zootecniche
002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > SAR-Servizio Agrometereologico Regionale per la Sardegna, Sassari
Publisher:Avenue media on behalf of Scientific Association of Animal Production (ASPA)
eISSN:1828-051X
Publisher Policy:Depositato per gentile concessione dell'ASPA
Additional Information:Relazione presentata al 17. Congresso nazionale ASPA, Alghero, 29 maggio-1 giugno 2007.
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:03

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