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The Effect of tourism on crime in Italy: a dynamic panel approach

Biagi, Bianca and Brandano, Maria Giovanna and Detotto, Claudio (2012) The Effect of tourism on crime in Italy: a dynamic panel approach. Economics, Vol. 6 . Article.

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DOI: 10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2012-25

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Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that, for the case of Italy, ceteris paribus, tourist areas tend to have a greater amount of crime than non-tourist ones in the short and long run. Following the literature of the economics of crime à la Becker (Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach, 1968) and Enrlich (Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation, 1973) and using a System GMM approach for the time span 1985–2003, the authors empirically test whether total crime in Italy is affected by the presence of tourists. Findings confirm the initial intuition of a positive relationship between tourism and crime in destinations. When using the level rather than the rate of total crime and controlling for the equivalent tourists (i.e. the number of tourists per day in a given destination) the effect of the tourist variable is confirmed. Overall results indicate however that the resident population has a greater effect on crime than the tourist population. Therefore, the main explanation for the impact of tourism on crime seems to be agglomeration effects.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:9606
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Tourism, crime, externalities
Subjects:Area 13 - Scienze economiche e statistiche > SECS-P/01 Economia politica
Divisions:002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > CRENoS-Centro Ricerche Economiche Nord Sud, Università di Cagliari e Università di Sassari
001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Scienze economiche e aziendali
Publisher:Economics
Copyright Holders:© Author(s) 2012
Additional Information:Published in special issue "Tourism Externalities".
Deposited On:05 Feb 2014 12:57

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