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Brevibacillus laterosporus, a pathogen of invertebrates and a broad-spectrum antimicrobial species

Ruiu, Luca (2013) Brevibacillus laterosporus, a pathogen of invertebrates and a broad-spectrum antimicrobial species. Insects, Vol. 4 (3), p. 476-492. eISSN 2075-4450. Article.

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DOI: 10.3390/insects4030476


Brevibacillus laterosporus, a bacterium characterized by the production of a unique canoe-shaped lamellar body attached to one side of the spore, is a natural inhabitant of water, soil and insects. Its biopesticidal potential has been reported against insects in different orders including Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera and against nematodes and mollusks. In addition to its pathogenicity against invertebrates, different B. laterosporus strains show a broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity including activity against phytopathogenic bacteria and fungi. A wide variety of molecules, including proteins and antibiotics, have been associated with the observed pathogenicity and mode of action. Before being considered as a biological control agent against plant pathogens, the antifungal and antibacterial properties of certain B. laterosporus strains have found medical interest, associated with the production of antibiotics with therapeutic effects. The recent whole genome sequencing of this species revealed its potential to produce polyketides, nonribosomal peptides, and toxins. Another field of growing interest is the use of this bacterium for bioremediation of contaminated sites by exploiting its biodegradation properties. The aim of the present review is to gather and discuss all recent findings on this emerging entomopathogen, giving a wider picture of its complex and broad-spectrum biocontrol activity.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:9584
Uncontrolled Keywords:Brevibacillus laterosporus, entomopathogenic bacteria, insecticide, nematicide, biopesticide, pests, biological control, antimicrobial, bioremediation
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/11 Entomologia generale e applicata
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Agraria
Copyright Holders:© 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
Publisher Policy:MDPI is a publisher of peer-reviewed, open access journals since its establishment in 1996
Deposited On:24 Jan 2014 08:29

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