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Ciclo biologico e capacità riproduttiva di Tomicus destruens in Sardegna

Coinu, Michele (2014) Ciclo biologico e capacità riproduttiva di Tomicus destruens in Sardegna. Doctoral Thesis.

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Abstract

The pine shoot beetle, Tomicus destruens Woll. (Coleoptera Curculionidae), is the main pest of Mediterranean pine forests and causes high economic and environmental damages. Despite the numerous studies on its biology, the number of annual generations and "sister broods" is still uncertain. Therefore, life cycle and reproduction of the pine shoot beetle were investigated from 2009 to 2013 in pine stands of Sardinia [Pixinamanna (Pula), Curadureddu (Tempio Pausania), and Prigionette (Alghero)] characterized by different climatic conditions, latitude and altitude. Our findings defined the life cycle of T. destruens in the Mediterranean area, showing that the reproductive attacks in the log started consistently in the first week of October and lasted until the beginning of May. Trunk attacks were not constant over time, showing the highest intensity in October-November and the lowest in February. In the warmest areas of Sardinia, the dispersal phase of T. destruens immature adults started in late March and showed a single emergence peak in mid May. Conversely, in the mountain area of Tempio Pausania, adult emergence was delayed by one month. In Sardinia, T. destruens completed one generation per year, because also early-emerging adults were unable to oviposit before the beginning of summer. However, the pine shoot beetle showed a long trunk attack period, which occurred because females created up to 4 breeding galleries per year.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
ID Code:9422
Contributors:Lentini, Andrea
Publisher:Università degli studi di Sassari
Uncontrolled Keywords:Tomicus destruens, sister broods, pine beetle, Sardinia
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/11 Entomologia generale e applicata
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Agraria
Cicli, scuole e corsi:Ciclo 25 > Scuole > Scienze e biotecnologie dei sistemi agrari e forestali e delle produzioni alimentari > Monitoraggio e controllo degli ecosistemi forestali in ambiente mediterraneo
Deposited On:31 Mar 2014 09:53

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