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Oral health and oral diseases in pregnancy: a multicentre survey of Italian postpartum women

Villa, Alessandro and Abati, Silvio and Pileri, Paolo and Calabrese, Stefania and Capobianco, Giampiero and Strohmenger, Laura and Ottolenghi, Livia and Cetin, Irene and Campus, Guglielmo Giuseppe (2013) Oral health and oral diseases in pregnancy: a multicentre survey of Italian postpartum women. Australian Dental Journal, Vol. 58 (2), p. 224-229. eISSN 1834-7819. Article.

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DOI: 10.1111/adj.12058

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to explore the oral hygiene practices and oral health status of Italian postpartum women.
Methods: A self-administered questionnaire assessed socio-demographic information, oral hygiene habits and frequency of dental visits. All women received a thorough oral examination within five days after delivery. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for exposures of interest and the presence of ‘severe’ periodontitis.
Results: Seven hundred and fifty women participated in the study; 99.1% brushed their teeth everyday and 59.9% visited the dentist annually. The mean frequency of sites with bleeding on probing was 16.1% and the median clinical attachment level was 2.1 mm. The mean caries experience score (DMFT) was 8. Severe periodontal disease was present in 21.9% of individuals. Patients who reported visiting a dentist only when in pain and women with three dental caries or more were significantly more likely to have periodontitis (OR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1–2.2; p < 0.05 and OR: 2.3; 95% CI: 1.5–3.5; p < 0.01, respectively).
Conclusions: Given the possible association between maternal and infant oral health, and between periodontal infection and general health, antenatal care providers should collaborate with dentists to encourage all pregnant women to comply with the oral health professionals’ recommendations regarding appropriate dental brushing techniques and the importance of dental visits.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:9061
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pregnancy, periodontal disease, oral health, oral hygiene, antenatal care providers
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/40 Ginecologia e ostetricia
Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/28 Malattie odontostomatologiche
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Scienze Chirurgiche, Microchirurgiche e Mediche
Publisher:Blackwell / Wiley
eISSN:1834-7819
Deposited On:19 Jun 2013 09:36

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