Milia, Anna Franca and Salis, Maria Bonaria and Stacca, Tiziana and Pinna, Alessandra and Madeddu, Paolo Roberto and Trevisani, Marcello and Geppetti, Pierangelo and Emanueli, Costanza (2002) Protease-activated receptor-2 stimulates angiogenesis and accelerates hemodynamic recovery in a mouse model of hindlimb ischemia. Circulation Research, Vol. 91 (4), p. 346-352. eISSN 1524-4571. Article.
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Proteinase-activated receptors (PAR-2) are expressed by the cardiovascular system and mediate vasodilation, plasma protein extravasation, and endothelial cell proliferation, all regarded as essential steps for neovascularization. We investigated the angiogenic action of PAR-2 signaling in vivo. The effect of the PAR-2 activating peptide (PAR-2AP, SLIGRL-NH2) was assessed in the absence of ischemia, and the therapeutic potential of PAR-2AP and the PAR-2 agonist trypsin (at 300 and 1.5 nmol IM daily for 21 days, respectively) was also tested in mice subjected to unilateral limb ischemia. PAR-2AP increased capillarity in normoperfused adductor skeletal muscles, whereas neither the vehicle of the PAR2-AP nor the PAR-2 reverse peptide (PAR-2RP, LRGILS-NH2) did produce any effect. In addition, both PAR-2AP and trypsin enhanced reparative angiogenic response to limb ischemia, an effect that was not produced by PAR-2RP or the vehicle of PAR-2 agonists. Potentiation of reparative angiogenesis by PAR-2AP or trypsin resulted in an accelerated hemodynamic recovery and enhanced limb salvage. In conclusions, our study is the first to demonstrate the angiogenic potential of PAR-2 stimulation in vivo. If similar effects occur in humans, PAR-2AP agonists could have some therapeutic potential for the treatment of tissue ischemia.
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