Capobianco, Giampiero and Pili, Francesca and Contini, Marcella and De Miglio, Maria Rosaria and Marras, Vincenzo and Santeufemia, Davide Adriano and Cherchi, Claudio and Dessole, Margherita and Cherchi, Pier Luigi and Cossu Rocca, Paolo Alessandro (2012) Analysis of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) status in endometrial stromal sarcoma. European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology, Vol. 33 (6), p. 629-632. ISSN 0392-2936. Article.
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Purpose: Endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESSs) are rare neoplasms, which are currently treated by surgery, whereas effective adjuvant therapies have not yet been established. Recently, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression has been described in ESS, and a potential role of EGFR-targeted adjuvant therapies has been proposed. The aim of this study was to analyze EGFR status in an ESS series and to evaluate their potential role as molecular targets. Materials and Methods: EGFR status was investigated in a total of ten cases of ESS, which included seven low-grade ESS and three undifferentiated ESS cases. EGFR expression levels were assessed by immunohistochemistry, and gene amplification analysis was performed with dual-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Results: Nine out of ten ESS cases showed positive immunostaining, whereas FISH analysis demonstrated constantly negative results. Conclusions: This study confirmed that EGFR is frequently overexpressed in ESS. FISH analysis did not show EGFR amplification in any of the tumors, therefore EGFR expression in ESS should be related to different genetic mechanisms.
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