Zoroddu, Maria Antonietta and Peana, Massimiliano Francesco and Medici, Serenella and Solinas, Costantino and Juliano, Claudia Clelia Assunta and Remelli, Maurizio (2013) Interaction of divalent cations with protein PARK9. In: 12. International symposium on metal ions in biology and medicine: abstracts and proceedings, March 11-13, 2013, Punta del Este, Uruguay. Montevideo, [s.n.]. p. 39. ISBN 978-9974-0-0911-0. Conference or Workshop Item.
Metals have been shown to play a role in the genesis and development of many neurodegenerative diseases. Park9 encoded protein can protect cells from manganese poisoning, an environmental risk factor for a Parkinson’s disease- like syndrome. Park9 belongs to a family of ATP-ases involved in metal coordination and transportation; familial mutations of this gene may result in early development of PD. We tested two peptide sequences from Park9, -P1D2E3K4H5E6L7- (1) and -F1C2G3D4G5A6N7D8C9G10- (2), for Mn(II), Zn(II) and Cu(II) binding. These fragments are located from 1165 to 1171 and from 1184 to 1193 residues in Park9 sequence, and are highly conserved in a number of organisms, from yeasts to humans. Experiments have been carried out at different pH values and ligand/metal molar ratios with both potentiometric and spectroscopic (NMR, UV-vis) techniques, showing that the three metals are able to effectively bind the examined peptides. Mn(II) and Zn(II) coordination with peptide (1) involves imidazol of His5 and carboxyl γ-O of Asp2, Glu3 and Glu6 residues, in a distorted octahedral geometry, possibly involving bidentate interaction of carboxyl groups; four donor atoms participate in Zn(II) binding, resulting in a tetracoordinated geometry. Mn(II) and Zn(II) coordination involves the two cysteines in peptide (2); Mn(II) accepts additional ligand bonds from D4 and D8 to complete the coordination sphere, together with some water molecules. Details of Cu(II) coordination are under study.
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