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Mercury occurrence in Italian seafood from the Mediterranean Sea and possible intake scenarios of the Italian coastal population

Brambilla, Gianfranco and Abete, Maria Cesarina and Binato, Giovanni and Chiaravalle, Eugenio and Cossu, Maurizio and Dellatte, Elena and Miniero, Roberto and Orletti, Roberta and Piras, Pierluigi and Roncarati, Alessandra and Ubaldi, Alessandro and Chessa, Giannina (2013) Mercury occurrence in Italian seafood from the Mediterranean Sea and possible intake scenarios of the Italian coastal population. Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology, Vol. 65 (2), p. 269-277. eISSN 1096-0295. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2012.12.009

Abstract

Mercury (Hg) settlements in the Mediterranean Sea determine a potential toxicological relevance of seafood intakes for coastal populations. To assess this possibility, fish, molluscs, and crustaceans of commercial size of 69 different species were sampled and analyzed for total mercury (HgTOT) from georeferenced areas and evaluated for their compliance with the European Union Maximum Residue Limits of 0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg wet weight (ww). Accounting for the weekly estimated seafood intake in the Italian coastal population (mean 469–626 g/person/week) it was then possible to recover threshold contamination values in seafood. Under a Tolerable Weekly Intake of 1.3 μg/kg/bw/week, a threshold seafood contamination <0.10 mg/kg ww has been derived for sensitive groups. A suitable algorithm based on the parallel MeHg and HgTOT analysis on the most consumed species, helped to refine the uncertainties related to the conservative assumption in seafood all the HgTOT present is in form of MeHg. This work aims to improve the link between the risk management and risk assessment strategies, with the identification of those fish and seafood species, that, when regularly consumed, could determine or prevent potential HgTOT/MeHg overintakes in sensitive groups.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:8777
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Mercury, methyl mercury, Mediterranean seafood, maximum residue limits, tolerable intakes, advisories
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > VET/08 Clinica medica veterinaria
Divisions:002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > Istituto zooprofilattico sperimentale della Sardegna, Sassari
Publisher:Academic Press / Elsevier
eISSN:1096-0295
Deposited On:08 Mar 2013 12:42

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