Onni, Giuseppe (2009) Forme turistiche e sostenibilità sociale. Doctoral Thesis.
The purpose of the study is to define a new touristic form, especially oriented towards a social tourism. Today tourism appears more and more subjective and fragmented, object of different desires created by the differentiation of the offer, and it looks like others different aspects like spectacle and simulation, driving towards two consequences: artificial events created only to attract tourists and touristic enclaves. Tourist planning itself often ends up favouring, even if unintentionally, such degenerative phenomena, promoting processes of de-territorialisation. Places which succeed in becoming tourist domains thus present themselves as a function of their own image. Mass tourism drives to the necessity to propose in many and different ways urban lifestyles, with all the importance of its services but also with all mass anxieties. The first consequence of considering this tourism way of life is that landscape, ambient and culture of the host territories have seen banally, taking advantage of their resources, with the creation of artificial forms, both in the culture and in urbanisation. The goal of the study is to perceive the principle of “relation” between hosts and guests, like a vulnerability point, through which build a new form of tourism. Relation permits to share the tourist experience and the nature of real life of the hosts for the tourists. The way to increase this possibility of creating a relation is an implementation of social tourism, based in the contemporary existence on a tourist settlement and on services for the territory and, first of all, for local societies, that can be correlated with urban services, health etc, in which relation can develop, thanks to the possibility to understand real life of the hosts.
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