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Nuraghes and landscape planning: coupling viewshed with complex network analysis

De Montis, Andrea and Caschili, Simone (2012) Nuraghes and landscape planning: coupling viewshed with complex network analysis. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 105 (3), p. 315-324. eISSN 1872-6062. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.01.005


Recent approaches in landscape planning have prompted interest in the relationships among cultural goods, human settlements, and the environment. In Europe and Italy, scholars and practitioners have used landscape planning tools for the analysis and management of historical landscapes that include elements such as the sense of belonging of local societies to cultural heritage sites. In this paper the authors present a study of prehistoric settlements focusing on the Nuragic system developed on the Pranemuru plain in Sardinia during the Bronze Age. We investigate the hypothesis that the spatial patterns of the Nuraghes obey rules of inter-visibility control over the surrounding territory. We check the inter-visibility thesis by means of a quantitative approach, which integrates GIS based viewshed and complex network analysis. Nuragic inter-visibility is studied through network modelling and assessed with respect to a topological analysis. Results show a hierarchical organisation and not a random structure in the inter-visibility network: hence, consistent rules influenced the construction of Nuragic settlements on the Pranemuru plain. We conclude speculating that inter-visibility cannot be considered the sole factor that influenced the placement of Nuragic towers. The inter-visibility among these towers is plausibly connected with the presence of other human and natural resources.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:8599
Uncontrolled Keywords:Landscape planning, cultural goods, viewshed analysis, network analysis, GIS
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/10 Costruzioni rurali e territorio agroforestale
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Agraria
Deposited On:05 Feb 2013 09:57

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