Posadino, Anna Maria and Porcu, Maria Cristina and Marongiu, Bruno and Cossu, Annalisa and Piras, Alessandra and Porcedda, Silvia and Falconieri, Danilo and Cappuccinelli, Roberto and Biosa, Grazia and Pintus, Gianfranco and Pretti, Luca (2012) Antioxidant activity of supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of Salvia desoleana on two human endothelial cell models. Food Research International, Vol. 46 (1), p. 354-359. eISSN 1873-7145. Article.
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It is increasingly evident that many natural compounds isolated from plants provide benefits to human health, either by interacting with important signalling pathways or by modulating the intracellular redox state. Salvia desoleana is a herbaceous perennial shrub that is native to the island of Sardinia in the Mediterranean Sea. The leaves of S. desoleana were subjected to different extraction methods: hydrodistillation, supercritical CO2 (SCCO2) extraction at 90 bar and 50 °C, and at 250 bar and 40 °C. The latter process produced the highest yields of sclareol (811 μg/mg), over both the SCCO2 extraction at 90 bar and 50 °C (540 μg/mg) and hydrodistillation (53.8 μg/mg). The SCCO2 extract obtained at 250 bar and 40 °C was used to investigate its ability to modulate some biological activities, including cytotoxicity, and cytoprotection against H2O2-induced oxidative stress, on normal (HUVEC) and transformed (ECV304) human endothelial cells. Results indicate a strong antioxidant activity of S. desoleana extract on both cellular models, as shown by the inhibitory effect elicited on both H2O2-induced ROS generation and cell damage.
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