Mannaa, Alaa and Carlén, Anette and Campus, Guglielmo Giuseppe and Lingström, Peter (2013) Supragingival plaque microbial analysis in reflection to caries experience. BMC Oral Health, Vol. 13 (5), p. 1-5. eISSN 1472-6831. Article.
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Background: Dental caries develops as a result of the metabolism of carbohydrates by cariogenic bacteria present in a complex biofilm. The present study aimed to examine if bacteria in pooled supragingival plaque samples
quantified using a “checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization” based panel of caries-related bacteria, could reflect the
caries experience in a manner similar to saliva samples analysed using a chair-side method in a previous
Methods: A total of 86 mothers and their children aged 4–6 years and 12–16 years old participated. Caries experience (DMFT/dmft; Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth for permanent and primary teeth) was registered
clinically and radiographically. Caries was recorded at the D3 level (caries into dentine). The D/d component was
divided into three categories. A pooled supragingival plaque sample per participant was obtained from posterior
approximal sites. Analyses of 15 bacterial species were performed using the checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridisation
Results: No significant relationships were found between the bacterial scores and DMFT/dmft nor D/d groups.
Conclusions: Unlike the saliva samples and the chair-side method, interproximal pooled plaque samples analysed using the “checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization technique” did not reveal any significant relations between the bacterial counts and the caries experience.
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