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A High-resolution bioclimate map of the world: a unifying framework for global biodiversity research and monitoring

Metzger, Marc J. and Bunce, Robert G. H. and Jongman, Rob H. G. and Sayre, Roger and Trabucco, Antonio and Zomer, Robert (2013) A High-resolution bioclimate map of the world: a unifying framework for global biodiversity research and monitoring. Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 22 (5), p. 630-638. eISSN 1466-8238. Article.

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DOI: 10.1111/geb.12022

Abstract

Aim To develop a novel global spatial framework for the integration and analysis of ecological and environmental data.
Location The global land surface excluding Antarctica.
Methods A broad set of climate-related variables were considered for inclusion in a quantitative model, which partitions geographic space into bioclimate regions. Statistical screening produced a subset of relevant bioclimate variables, which were further compacted into fewer independent dimensions using principal components analysis (PCA). An ISODATA clustering routine was then used to classify the principal components into relatively homogeneous environmental strata. The strata were aggregated into global environmental zones based on the attribute distances between strata to provide structure and support a consistent nomenclature.
Results The global environmental stratification (GEnS) consists of 125 strata, which have been aggregated into 18 global environmental zones. The stratification has a 30 arcsec resolution (equivalent to 0.86 km2 at the equator). Aggregations of the strata were compared with nine existing global, continental and national bioclimate and ecosystem classifications using the Kappa statistic. Values range between 0.54 and 0.72, indicating good agreement in bioclimate and ecosystem patterns between existing maps and the GEnS.
Main conclusions The GEnS provides a robust spatial analytical framework for the aggregation of local observations, identification of gaps in current monitoring efforts and systematic design of complementary and new monitoring and research.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:8542
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bioclimate indicators, biodiversity monitoring, climate, environmental stratification, global climate classification
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/03 Arboricoltura generale e coltivazioni arboree
Divisions:002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > CMCC-EuroMediterranean Center for Climate Change, Sassari
Publisher:Blackwell / Wiley
eISSN:1466-8238
Deposited On:23 Jan 2013 16:34

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