Pinna, Anna (2013) Politiche per le comunità rom tra riconoscimento e redistribuzione: uno studio a partire da alcune realtà locali del Nord Sardegna. Doctoral Thesis.
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The present work sheds light on the anthropological complexity of the roma communities living inside Italian borders, and on the welfare their host Country provides them.
The analysis is built upon four case studies on local communities and, bearing in mind that each testimonial comes with its own subjective biases, all contributions are used as a framework where the theoretical debate between redistribution and recognition can be developed.
Each case study revises the whole path followed by a specific roma group since their first steps in the place they reside into, highlighting all kinds of difficulties that impaired the entwining of beneficial networks with the host community: households, institutions, associations. Both spatial segregation in “campi nomadi” and the negation of citizenship appear to be cumbersome obstacles to integration.
Regarding social and educational policies that aim to integrating roma people in their host communities it appears that, notwithstanding the financial efforts put in place by some institutions, these have been mostly ineffective. On a normative perspective, the results of the present work call for a thorough rethinking of both redistributive and pro-recognition policies that do not directly involve host and target communities.
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