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Monitoring on chemical and biological pollutants in sea waters of central-northern Sardinia

Piana, Andrea Fausto and Sechi, Nicola and Masia, Maria Dolores and Azara, Antonio Alfredo and Muresu, Elena and Maida, Alessandro (2006) Monitoring on chemical and biological pollutants in sea waters of central-northern Sardinia. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 47 (2), p. 49-55. ISSN 1121-2233. Article.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study are to assess the quality of the coastal waters of central-northern Sardinia through data from a monitoring network and to outline maps and experimental models of environmental risk correlated to the presence of chemical and microbiological contaminants. The area studied is the coast between Capo Falcone and the mouth of the river Coghinas, in the northwestern part of the island.
METHODS: In a first phase, 7 sampling stations of sea water and 1 sampling station of bivalve molluscs (Mytilus galloprovincialis Lam.) were identified. For each transept 3 different collection points at respectively 500, 1000, and 3000 meters from the coast for a total 21 sampling sites were identified. In a second phase, another 7 transepts were identified, 2 of which on the island of Asinara.
RESULTS: As regards the microbiological monitoring of the sea water, very low concentrations of Total coliforms, Faecal coliforms and Faecal Streptococci were found and no Salmonella were isolated. Chemical analysis of the waters showed a high constant presence of phenols. In the bivalves we found rather high concentrations of Faecal coliforms without any clear seasonal variation, while no Salmonella was isolated in any of the examined samples.
DISCUSSION: The results show that the considered area is not affected by serious pollution processes, thus allowing to express a completely satisfactory judgement on its state of health. However anthropic pressure in the considered territory is testified by the presence in the water of high concentrations of phenols.
CONCLUSIONS: The results point out to the necessity of targeted and rational preventive action by means of control and protection measures for environmental ecosytems.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:7880
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Coastal waters, chemical and biological pollutants, central-northern Sardinia
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/42 Igiene generale e applicata
Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/07 Ecologia
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze botaniche, ecologiche e geologiche
001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze biomediche
Publisher:Pacini
ISSN:1121-2233
Deposited On:10 Aug 2012 09:10

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