Busi, Marina and Šnábel, Viliam and Varcasia, Antonio and Garippa, Giovanni and Perrone, Vitantonio and De Liberato, Claudio and D'Amelio, Stefano (2007) Genetic variation within and between G1 and G3 genotypes of Echinococcus granulosus in Italy revealed by multilocus DNA sequencing. Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 150 (1-2), p. 75-83. eISSN 1873-2550. Article.
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Numerous studies have provided evidence that Echinococcus granulosus exists as a complex of different strains, that differ in a wide variety of criteria that have an impact on the epidemiology, pathology and control of cystic hydatid disease (CHD) and, to date, 10 distinct genotypes (G1–G10) have been identified. In Italy, sequence analysis of the mitochondrial cox1 and nad1 genes showed the occurrence of the G1 genotype, the common sheep strain, the G3 genotype, the buffalo strain and of one isolate identified as G2 genotype, the Tasmanian sheep strain. In the present work, we have analysed E. granulosus strains in Italy, by genotyping a large sample of isolates and by checking out the genetic differentiation within and among the G1 and G3 genotypes using an additional mitochondrial gene as marker, the rrnS gene. Sequencing of the rrnS gene revealed a significant genetic differentiation between isolates identified as belonging to the G1 and G3 genotypes, with fixed nucleotide substitutions. This study provides further evidence of the occurrence of the E. granulosus G3 buffalo strain in Italy, a strain previously thought to be confined to the Indian region.
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