Marchettini, Nadia and Budroni, Marcello Antonio and Rossi, Federico and Masia, Marco and Turco Liveri, Maria Liria and Rustici, Mauro (2010) Role of the reagents consumption in the chaotic dynamics of the Belousov–Zhabotinsky oscillator in closed unstirred reactors. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 12 (36), p. 11062-11069. eISSN 1463-9084. Article.
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Chemical oscillations generated by the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction in batch unstirred reactors, show a characteristic chaotic transient in their dynamical regime, which is generally found between two periodic regions. Chemical chaos starts and finishes by following a direct and an inverse Ruelle–Takens–Newhouse scenario, respectively. In previous works we showed, both experimentally and theoretically, that the complex oscillations are generated by the coupling among the nonlinear kinetics and the transport phenomena, the latter due to concentration and density gradients. In particular, convection was found to play a fundamental role. In this paper, we develop a reaction–diffusion–convection model to explore the influence of the reagents consumption (BrO−3 in particular) in the inverse transition from chaos to periodicity. We demonstrated that, on the route towards thermodynamic equilibrium, the reagents concentration directly modulates the strength of the coupling between chemical kinetics and mass transport phenomena. An effective sequential decoupling (reaction–diffusion–convection → reaction–diffusion → reaction) takes place upon the reagents consumption and this is at the basis of the transition from chaos to periodicity.
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