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Effects of intravaginal estriol and pelvic floor rehabilitation on urogenital aging in postmenopausal women

Capobianco, Giampiero and Donolo, Ermes and Borghero, Gianna and Dessole, Francesco and Cherchi, Pier Luigi and Dessole, Salvatore (2012) Effects of intravaginal estriol and pelvic floor rehabilitation on urogenital aging in postmenopausal women. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Vol. 285 (2), p. 397-403. eISSN 1432-0711. Article.

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DOI: 10.1007/s00404-011-1955-1

Abstract

Purpose To assess the effects of the combination of pelvic floor rehabilitation and intravaginal estriol administration on stress urinary incontinence (SUI), urogenital atrophy and recurrent urinary tract infections in postmenopausal women.
Methods Two-hundred-six postmenopausal women with urogenital aging symptoms were enrolled in this prospective randomized controlled study. Patients were randomly divided into two groups and each group consisted of 103 women. Subjects in the treatment group received intravaginal estriol ovules, such as 1 ovule (1 mg) once daily for 2 weeks and then 2 ovules once weekly for a total of 6 months as maintenance therapy plus pelvic floor rehabilitation. Subjects in the control group received only intravaginal estriol in a similar regimen. We evaluated urogenital symptomatology, urine cultures, colposcopic findings, urethral cytologic findings, urethral pressure profiles and urethrocystometry before, as well as after 6 months of treatment.
Results After therapy, the symptoms and signs of urogenital atrophy significantly improved in both groups. 61/83 (73.49%) of the treated patients, and only 10/103 (9.71%) of the control patients referred a subjective improvement of their incontinence. In the patients treated by combination therapy with estriol plus pelvic floor rehabilitation, we observed significant improvements of colposcopic findings, and there were statistically significant increases in mean maximum urethral pressure (MUP), in mean urethral closure pressure (MUCP), as well as in the abdominal pressure transmission ratio to the proximal urethra (PTR).
Conclusions Our results showed that combination therapy with estriol plus pelvic floor rehabilitation was effective and should be considered as a first-line treatment for symptoms of urogenital aging in postmenopausal women.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:7715
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pelvic floor rehabilitation, postmenopausal women, recurrent urinary tract infections, urogenital atrophy, urinary incontinence, vaginal estriol
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/40 Ginecologia e ostetricia
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Scienze Chirurgiche, Microchirurgiche e Mediche
Publisher:Springer
eISSN:1432-0711
Deposited On:20 Jun 2012 12:51

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