Glorioso, Nicola and Filigheddu, Fabiana and Cusi, Daniele and Troffa, Chiara and Conti, Milena and Natalizio, Marcella and Argiolas, Giuseppe and Barlassina, Cristina and Bianchi, Giuseppe (2002) Alpha-adducin 460Trp allele is associated with erythrocyte Na transport rate in north Sardinian primary hypertensives. Hypertension, Vol. 39 (part 2), p. 352-362. eISSN 1524-4563. Article.
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Erythrocyte membrane alterations mirror those of vascular smooth muscle and renal tubular cell membrane. The interaction between adducin and Na-K pump is the most likely biochemical mechanism responsible for the increased tubular Na reabsorption and hypertension in Milan hypertensive strain (MHS) rats. To substantiate this hypothesis in humans, we tested to see if α-adducin Gly460Trp genotype is associated with erythrocyte sodium transport rate in a new cohort of n268 never-treated North Sardinian primary hypertensives. Plasma renin activity and blood pressure response to hydrochlorothiazide were also measured to evaluate the relationship between sodium transport rate and two intermediate phenotypes with a higher degree of genetic complexity. Na-K pump, Na-K-Cl cotransport, and Li-Na countertransport at Vmax were faster (P<0.0001), whereas intracellular Na concentration was lower (P<0.0001) in patients carrying one or two 460Trp alleles. Such behavior was mirrored by opposite changes of intracellular Na concentration. Plasma renin activity and blood pressure response to diuretic treatment, on the other hand, showed a weaker association with the sodium transport rate. In conclusion, our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that the Gly460Trp α-adducin polymorphism may affect renal Na handling through an alteration in ion transport across the cell membrane mirrored by erythrocytes. These results may also have clinical relevance because the Gly460Trp α-adducin polymorphism may explain, at least in part, the variability of blood pressure response to diuretics in primary hypertensive patients.
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