Pauciullo, Alfredo and Cosenza, Gianfranco and Steri, Roberto and Coletta, Angelo and Jemma, Lazzaro and Feligini, Maria and Di Berardino, Dino and Macciotta, Nicolò Pietro Paolo and Ramunno, Luigi (2012) An Association analysis between OXT genotype and milk yield and flow in Italian Mediterranean river buffalo. Journal of Dairy Research, Vol. 79 , p. 150-156. eISSN 1469-7629. Article.
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The aim of this study was to evaluate possible associations between three SNPs at the oxytocin locus (AM234538: g.28C>T; g.204A>G and g.1627G>T) and two productive traits, milk yield and milkability, in Italian Mediterranean river buffaloes. Effects of parity, calving season and month of production were also evaluated. A total of 41980 test-day records belonging to 219 lactations of 163 buffalo cows were investigated. The allele call rate was 98·8%and the major allele frequency for all the investigated loci was 0·76. The OXT genotype was significantly associated with milk yield (P=0·029). The TT genotype showed an average daily milk yield approximately 1·7 kg higher than GT buffaloes. Such a difference represents about 23% more milk/d. A large dominance effect (1·17±0·43 kg) was estimated, whereas the contribution of OXT genotype (r2 OXT) to the total phenotypic variance in milk yield was equal to 0·06. The TT genotype showed higher values also for the milk flow, even though the estimated difference did not reach a level of statistical significance (P=0·07). Such an association, among the first reported for the oxytocin locus in ruminants, should be tested on a population scale and possible effects on milk composition traits should be evaluated in order to supply useful indications for the application of marker-assisted selection programmes in river buffaloes.
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