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Towards a planning decision support system for low-carbon urban development

Blecic, Ivan and Cecchini, Arnaldo and Falk, Matthias and Marras, Serena and Pyles, Rex David and Spano, Donatella Emma Ignazia and Trunfio, Giuseppe Andrea (2011) Towards a planning decision support system for low-carbon urban development. In: Computational science and its applications: international conference, ICCSA 2011: proceedings, Part I, 20-23 June 2011, Santander, Spain. Berlin - Heidelberg, Springer. p. 423-438. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6782/2011). ISSN 0302-9743. ISBN 978-3-642-21927-6. Conference or Workshop Item.

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DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-21928-3_30

Abstract

The flows of carbon and energy produced by urbanized areas represent one of the aspects of urban sustainability that can have an important impact on climate change. For this reason, in recent years the quantitative estimation of the so-called urban metabolism components has increasingly attracted the attention of researchers from different fields. On the other hand, it has been well recognized that the structure and design of future urban development can significantly affect the flows of material and energy exchanged by an urban area with its surroundings. In this context, the paper discusses a software framework able to estimate the carbon exchanges accounting for alternative scenarios which can influence urban development. The modelling system is based on four main components: (i) a Cellular Automata model for the simulation of the urban land-use dynamics; (ii) a transportation model, able to estimate the variation of the transportation network load and (iii) the ACASA (Advanced Canopy-Atmosphere-Soil Algorithm) model which was tightly coupled with the (iv) mesoscale weather model WRF for the estimation of the relevant urban metabolism components. An in-progress application to the city of Florence is presented and discussed.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Contribute)
ID Code:7500
Status:Published
Uncontrolled Keywords:Urban metabolism, urban sustainability, cellular automata, land-use dynamics
Subjects:Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/22 Estimo
Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-INF/05 Sistemi di elaborazione delle informazioni
Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/03 Arboricoltura generale e coltivazioni arboree
Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/20 Architettura e pianificazione urbanistica
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Economia e sistemi arborei
002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > CMCC-EuroMediterranean Center for Climate Change, Sassari
001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Architettura e pianificazione
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0302-9743
ISBN:978-3-642-21927-6
Deposited On:04 May 2012 12:49

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