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Visual prognosis after indirect traumatic optic neuropathy

Carta, Arturo and Ferrigno, Luigina and Salvo, Marco Michele and Bianchi Marzoli, Stefania and Boschi, Antonella and Carta, Francesco (2003) Visual prognosis after indirect traumatic optic neuropathy. Journal of neurology, neurosurgery and psychiatry, Vol. 74 (2), p. 246-248. eISSN 1468-330X. Article.

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DOI: 10.1136/jnnp.74.2.246

Abstract

Objective: To investigate a possible correlation between final visual acuity and the presence at baseline of various systemic and local (orbital/ocular) signs in patients affected by indirect traumatic optic neuropathy.
Methods: 35 cases of traumatic optic neuropathy were examined retrospectively and 13 variables were tested. Univariate analysis with “no recovery of visual acuity” as the primary outcome was performed. Relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Fisher’s exact test was used for two variables to test differences between proportions.
Results: Four variables showed a significantly increased risk for no recovery of visual acuity: presence of blood within the posterior ethmoidal cells (RR = 2.25, 95% CI 1.25 to 4.04); age over 40 years (RR = 1.79, 1.07 to 2.99); loss of consciousness associated with traumatic optic neuropathy (RR = 2.21, 1.17 to 4.16); and absence of recovery after 48 hours of steroid treatment (p < 0.01, Fisher’s exact test). Recovery documented at the first follow up visit after treatment was significantly associated with recovery at the last follow up visit (p < 0.01, Fisher’s exact test).
Conclusions: These four negative prognostic signs in patients affected by traumatic optic neuropathy may be useful in predicting the visual outcome in patients developing visual loss after head trauma and in deciding on the need for surgical treatment.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:7345
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nerve trauma, injury, decompression
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/30 Malattie apparato visivo
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Chirurgia, microchirurgia e specialità medico-chirurgiche
Publisher:BMJ Group
eISSN:1468-330X
Deposited On:10 Apr 2012 09:52

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