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Visual judgments of kinship: an alternative perspective

Lorusso, Ludovica and Brelstaff, Gavin James and Brodo, Linda and Lagorio, Andrea and Grosso, Enrico (2011) Visual judgments of kinship: an alternative perspective. Perception, Vol. 40 (11), p. 1282-1289. eISSN 1468-4233. Article.

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DOI: 10.1068/p6916

Abstract

Following other researchers, we investigated the premise that visual judgment of kinship might be modelled as a signal-detection task, strictly related to similar facial features. We measured subjects' response times to face-pair stimuli while they performed visual judgments of kinship, similarity, or dissimilarity, and examined some priming effects involved. Our results show that kinship judgment takes longer on average than either similarity or dissimilarity judgment - which is compatible with existing models, yet might also suggest that kinship judgments are of a more complex character. In our priming study we observed selective suppression/enhancement of the efficacy of dissimilarity judgments whenever they followed similarity and kinship judgments. This finding confounds the notion, inherent in previous models, of resemblance cues signalling for kinship, since similarity and dissimilarity cannot be considered just as opposite concepts, and observed priming effects need to be explicitly modelled, including dissimilarity cues. To model kinship judgments across faces that are perceived as dissimilar, a new framework may be required, perhaps accepting the perspective of a task-driven use of the visual cues, modulated by experience and cultural conditioning.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:7168
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Visual judgment, kinship, facial feature
Subjects:Area 01 - Scienze matematiche e informatiche > INF/01 Informatica
Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-INF/05 Sistemi di elaborazione delle informazioni
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze dei linguaggi
001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Economia, impresa, regolamentazione
002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > CRS4 Center for Advanced Studies, Research and Development in Sardinia, Pula
Publisher:Pion
eISSN:1468-4233
Deposited On:27 Feb 2012 14:05

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