Campus, Guglielmo Giuseppe and Solinas, Maria Giuliana and Sanna, A. and Maida, Carmelo and Castiglia, Paolo Giuseppino (2007) Determinants of ECC in Sardinian preschool children. Community Dental Health, Vol. 24 (4), p. 253-256. ISSN 0265-539X. Article.
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OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the influence of determinants on the presence of caries in pre-school children.
BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: A matched case-control study (1:2) was designed: 55 children (32 males, 23 females) with at least one buccal or lingual caries lesion on one primary maxillary incisor were selected (caries affected=1) and compared to randomly selected controls (no caries=0) paired for age and gender. Several variables concerning oral hygiene habits, use of fluoride supplementation, dietary habits, socio-economic status of the family and lifestyle factors were considered as risk predictors for early childhood caries (ECC). A conditional logistic regression model was used to perform matched case-control analysis.
RESULTS: Bottle feeding at night (OR=1.90; 95%CI=1.03-3.50) and socio-economic level (OR=1.69; 95%CI=1.01-2.81) were positively associated with case status.
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that ECC seemed to be associated with bottle feeding at night and a low socio-economic level.
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