Cossu, Massimo and Juliano, Claudia Clelia Assunta and Pisu, Rosa and Alamanni, Maria Cristina Paolina (2009) Effects of enrichment with polyphenolic extracts from Sardinian plants on physico-chemical, antioxidant and microbiological properties of yogurt. Italian Journal of Food Science, Vol. 21 (4), p. 447-459. ISSN 1120-1770. Article.
The effect of adding artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.), strawberry-tree fruit (Arbutus unedo L.) and cherry (Prunus avium L.) extracts was evaluated on the physico-chemical, antioxidant and microbiological properties of homemade yogurts. Yogurts, enriched with artichoke or red ripe strawberry-tree fruit extract, demonstrated high in vitro antioxidant activity. Ten days after their preparation, no variations in the antioxidant components and antioxidant activity of the yogurts were observed. The enriched yogurts showed an increase in lactic acid and acetaldehyde. As regards microbial characteristics, there was a notable increase in the microbial count of Lactobacilli in yogurts with edible artichoke parts (4.5x109 cfu/g) and with strawberry-tree fruit extracts (1.8x109 cfu/g) during the threeweek experimental period. During the same period persistence of Streptococci in yogurt with artichoke edible parts was observed until the end of the first week (5.2x107 cfu/g). Our results indicate that the enrichment of yogurts with Sardinian plant extracts can significantly improve the antioxidant activity of yogurt and in some cases the survival of its microbial flora.
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