Iantomasi, Raffaella and Sali, Michela and Cascioferro, Alessandro and Palucci, Ivana and Zumbo, Antonella and Soldini, Silvia and Rocca, Stefano and Greco, Emanuela and Maulucci, Giuseppe and De Spirito, Marco and Fraziano, Maurizio and Fadda, Giovanni and Manganelli, Riccardo and Delogu, Giovanni (2012) PE_PGRS30 is required for the full virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Cellular Microbiology, Vol. 14 (3), p. 356-367. eISSN 1462-5822. Article.
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The role and function of PE_PGRS proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) remains elusive. In this study for the first time, Mtb isogenic mutants missing selected PE_PGRSs were used to investigate their role in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis (TB). We demonstrate that the Mtb ΔPE_PGRS30 mutant was impaired in its ability to colonize lung tissue and to cause tissue damage, specifically during the chronic steps of infection. Inactivation of PE_PGRS30 resulted in an attenuated phenotype in murine and human macrophages due to the inability of the Mtb mutant to inhibit phagosome–lysosome fusion. Using a series of functional deletion mutants of PE_PGRS30 to complement Mtb ΔPE_PGRS30, we show that the unique C-terminal domain of the protein is not required for the full virulence. Interestingly, when Mycobacterium smegmatis recombinant strain expressing PE_PGRS30 was used to infect macrophages or mice in vivo, we observed enhanced cytotoxicity and cell death, and this effect was dependent upon the PGRS domain of the protein. Taken together these results indicate that PE_PGRS30 is necessary for the full virulence of Mtb and sufficient to induce cell death in host cells by the otherwise nonpathogenic species M. smegmatis, clearly demonstrating that PE_PGRS30 is an Mtb virulence factor.
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