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Incidence of childhood and adolescence epilepsy: a community-based prospective study in the province of Ferrara and in Copparo, Italy, 1996–2005

Casetta, Ilaria and Pugliatti, Maura and Faggioli, Raffaella and Cesnik, Edward and Simioni, V. and Bencivelli, D. and De Carlo, L. and Granieri, Enrico (2012) Incidence of childhood and adolescence epilepsy: a community-based prospective study in the province of Ferrara and in Copparo, Italy, 1996–2005. European Journal of Neurology, Vol. 19 (2), p. 312-316. eISSN 1468-1331. Article.

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DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2011.03506.x

Abstract

Background:  The annual incidence of childhood and adolescence epilepsy ranges from 41 to 97 diagnoses per 100 000 people in western Countries, with a reported decline over time. We aimed at studying the incidence of epilepsy in children and adolescents (1 month to 14 years) and its temporal trend in the province of Ferrara, northern Italy.
Methods:  We implemented a community-based prospective multi-source registry. All children with newly diagnosed epilepsy in the period 1996–2005 were recorded.
Results:  The incidence rate of newly diagnosed epilepsy in the considered age range was 57 per 100 000 person-years, (95% CI: 49.3–65.9), with a peak in the first year of life (109.4; 95% CI: 69.4–164.1), without differences between the two gender. The estimates were significantly lower than those observed previously (97.3; 95% CI: 81.9–115.7).
Conclusions:  Incidence rates for epilepsy in the Italian population aged 1 month to 14 years are in line with those of other European and Northern American Countries. The incidence of childhood epilepsy has declined over time in our area. A reduced impact of serious perinatal adverse events could partly explain the decline.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:6909
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Childhood, epidemiology, epilepsy, incidence
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/26 Neurologia
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale
Publisher:Blackwell / Wiley
eISSN:1468-1331
Copyright Holders:© 2011 The Author(s), European Journal of Neurology © EFNS
Deposited On:02 Jan 2012 09:42

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