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Potential and perspectives of Jatropha curcas plantations in marginal land of Ghana

Lubino, Marcello and Bellavite, Davide and Kombiok, James Mantent and Nutsugah, Stephen K. and Enne, Giuseppe and Contran, N. (2011) Potential and perspectives of Jatropha curcas plantations in marginal land of Ghana. In: 40. Convegno della Società italiana di agronomia: atti, 7-9 settembre 2011, Teramo, Italia. [S.l.], Società italiana di agronomia-Università degli studi di Teramo. p. 376-377. ISBN 9788890227936. Conference or Workshop Item.

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Abstract

Jatropha curcas L. is a perennial drought-resistant plant well adapted to marginal lands in arid and semiarid and tropical regions (Divakara et al. 2010). J. curcas is a valuable multipurpose crop and has recently gained lot of importance for the biodiesel production by oilseed and secondary products such as soap, fertilisers, bio-pesticides, cosmetics, and medicine. Furthermore, this energy crop offers the ecological advantage to mitigate soil degradation and desertification and to reclaim wasteland (Achten et al. 2008). Community-based Jatropha initiatives for local use, like small J. curcas plantations in marginal lands, agro-forestry systems with J. curcas intercropping, and agro-silvo-pastoral systems can be seen as efficient opportunities to increase rural development in developing countries. The integration of J. curcas into the rural economy at the village level is able to guarantee access to sustainable and affordable energy, increase rural income, create employment opportunities, and alleviate poverty.
Although the global interest, Jatropha physiological properties and agronomic management practices are not thoroughly unravelled (Behera et al. 2010). This contribution will highlight some J. curcas scientific research challenges in the framework of an EU-AID international cooperation project implemented in the West Mamprusi District of the Northern Region of Ghana. Through J. curcas plantations, the main project aims are to provide adequate access and security of sustainable renewable energy supply to rural communities of Ghana, improving their livelihood, and to reduce desertification effects in degraded areas. Within this project, several agronomic experimental works are being carried out, in order to improve the knowledge of J. curcas agronomical management practices which could be specifically addressed to the Ghanaian context. Biometric measurement results of J. curcas propagation (direct seed vs pre-cultivated seedlings) and intercropping systems with cereals are shown.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
ID Code:6489
Status:Published
Uncontrolled Keywords:Jatropha curcas, renewable energy, Ghana
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/02 Agronomia e coltivazioni erbacee
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 02 Centri > Centro interdipartimentale Nucleo di ricerca sulla desertificazione
Publisher:Società italiana di agronomia-Università degli studi di Teramo
ISBN:9788890227936
Deposited On:07 Oct 2011 16:14

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