Modafferi, Antonella M. E. and Diana, Marco and Nicoletti, Ferdinando and Scaccianoce, Sergio (2008) Morphine withdrawal increases metabotropic glutamate 2/3 receptors expression in nucleus accumbens. NeuroReport, Vol. 19 (9), p. 911-914. ISSN 0959-4965. eISSN 1473-558X. Article.
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We examined the effects of chronic morphine treatment and withdrawal on the expression of metabotropic glutamate (mGlu)1, mGlu5, and mGlu2/3 receptors in the nucleus accumbens and caudate putamen. Rats received a 14-day morphine treatment (escalating doses from 10 to 140 mg/kg). Receptor density was evaluated after chronic treatment and after 1, 3, and 14 days of withdrawal. mGlu1 and mGlu5 expression in the nucleus accumbens and in the caudate putamen was not affected by any of the experimental manipulations. In contrast, mGlu2/3 receptors in the nucleus accumbens, but not in the caudate putamen, increased at day 1, 3, and 14 of withdrawal. We suggest that an increased expression of mGlu2/3 receptors in the nucleus accumbens might contribute to the symptoms of morphine withdrawal.
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