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Experimental behaviour of LVL–concrete composite floor beams at strength limit state

Yeoh, David and Deam, Bruce and Fragiacomo, Massimo (2011) Experimental behaviour of LVL–concrete composite floor beams at strength limit state. Engineering Structures, Vol. 33 (9), p. 2697-2707. ISSN 0141-0296. eISSN 1873-7323. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2011.05.021

Abstract

This paper reports the outcomes of short-term collapse tests performed on eleven laminated veneer lumber (LVL)–concrete composite floor T-beams. Different variables such as span length (8 and 10 m), connection and concrete types, and design level (well- and under-designed, in terms of connector numbers) were investigated. During 4-point bending tests, mid-span deflection, connection slips and strains were measured. Connection types investigated include triangular and rectangular (150 mm and 300 mm long) notches cut in the timber and reinforced with a coach screw, and modified toothed metal plates pressed on the edge of the LVL joists. All of the beam specimens were designed using the effective bending stiffness or γ-method, in accordance with Annex B of Eurocode 5. The same method was used for an analytical–experimental comparison of the beam’s performance at ultimate (ULS) and serviceability (SLS) limit state.
All well-designed beams provided more than 95% composite action even though there were relatively few connectors (e.g. six 300 mm long notches on the 8 m span beam). The ULS and SLS live load capacity of the beams was found to be approximately 90% of that of a fully composite beam. Correction factors providing a 15% increase for deflection and a 13% reduction of the effective bending stiffness are proposed for calculations using the transformed section method for all well-designed beams, i.e. beams designed using the γ-method according to Annex B of Eurocode 5. Although the γ-method was found to be significantly underestimate the ULS strength, it provided an accurate prediction of the short-term deflection. In terms of the connection type, the 300 mm rectangular notches provided the best performance, with high stiffness and strength beyond the ULS load level, and requiring fewer connectors along the beam. The triangular notch was found to be a viable alternative, with more connectors but was easier and faster to cut than a rectangular notch. Metal plate connectors provide a practical construction possibility, but the beam stiffness was found to rapidly deteriorate beyond the ULS load level.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:6221
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Composite structures, connectors, experimental testing, laminated veneer lumber, timber construction, timber–concrete, wood
Subjects:Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/09 Tecnica delle costruzioni
Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/09 Tecnica delle costruzioni
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Architettura e pianificazione
Publisher:Pergamon / Elsevier
ISSN:0141-0296
eISSN:1873-7323
Copyright Holders:© 2011 Elsevier
Deposited On:06 Jul 2011 12:56

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