Budroni, Marcello Antonio and Rossi, Federico and Farris, Emmanuele and Filigheddu, Rossella Speranza and Rustici, Mauro (2011) Dispersal vs. stochasticity: competition for persistence in a reaction-diffusion model with strong Allee dynamics. Ecological Modelling (in press). ISSN 0304-3800. eISSN 1872-7026. Article.
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In ecological and population dynamics, the coupling between random perturbations and the Allee effect could drive small and confined populations of rare species to extinction. In this paper, we propose a general model for describing spatio-temporal dynamics characterized by demographic Allee growth. In this approach, we include the combined contribution of stochasticity and spatial processes, typically dispersal, which is scarcely explored in the literature. The model is formulated in a reaction-diffusion framework, where the dynamics is regulated by a typical Allee–dispersal evolution and the resilience to white noise is probed at different perturbation amplitudes. Preliminary results show that dispersal processes can compensate random fluctuations to favor the stabilization of the species establishment.
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