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Synthesis and characterization of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate copolymers containing azobenzene groups prepared by frontal polymerization

Illescas Martínez, Francisco Javier and Ramirez Fuentes, Yessica S. and Rivera, Ernesto and Morales Saavedra, Omar G. and Rodríguez Rosales, Antonio A. and Alzari, Valeria and Nuvoli, Daniele and Scognamillo, Sergio and Mariani, Alberto (2011) Synthesis and characterization of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate copolymers containing azobenzene groups prepared by frontal polymerization. Journal of Polymer Science. Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 49 (15), p. 3291-3298. ISSN 0887-624X. eISSN 1099-0518. Article.

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DOI: 10.1002/pola.24765

Abstract

A novel polymer matrix containing amino–nitro substituted azobenzene groups was obtained by frontal polymerization. (E)-2-(Ethyl(4-((4-nitrophenyl)diazenyl)phenyl)amino)ethyl methacrylate (MDR-1) was copolymerized with poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) using this easy and fast polymerization technique. The effect of the amount of the incorporated azomonomer into the polymer matrix was studied in detail and correlated to front velocity, maximum temperature, initiator concentration, and monomer conversion. The obtained materials were characterized by infrared spectroscopy (Fourier transform infrared), and their thermal properties were studied by thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. Moreover, the optical properties of the polymers were studied by absorption spectroscopy in the UV–Vis region. Absorption spectra of the copolymers exhibit a significant blue shift of the absorption bands with respect to the azo-monomer, due to the presence of H-aggregates. Cubic nonlinear optical (NLO) characterizations of the PEGDA/MDR-1 copolymers were performed according to the Z-Scan technique. It has been proven that samples with higher MDR-1 content (0.75 mol %) exhibited outstandingly high NLOactivity with negative NLO-refractive coefficients in the promising range of n2 = -8.057 X 10-4 esu.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:6187
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Azo polymers, frontal polymerization, nonlinear optical, poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate, radical polymerization
Subjects:Area 03 - Scienze chimiche > CHIM/04 Chimica industriale
Divisions:002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > INSTM-Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per la Scienza e la Tecnologia dei Materiali, Unità di ricerca di Sassari
001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Chimica
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0887-624X
eISSN:1099-0518
Copyright Holders:© 2011 Wiley Periodicals
Deposited On:24 Jun 2011 11:04

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