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Modulation of masseter exteroceptive suppression by non-nociceptive upper limb afferent activation in humans

Deriu, Franca and Milia, Marcella and Sau, Gianfranco and Podda, Maria Vittoria and Ortu, Enzo and Giaconi, Elena and Aiello, Isidoro Cesare Giuseppe and Tolu, Eusebio (2003) Modulation of masseter exteroceptive suppression by non-nociceptive upper limb afferent activation in humans. Experimental Brain Research, Vol. 150 (2), p. 154-162. eISSN 1432-1106. Article.

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DOI: 10.1007/s00221-003-1412-x

Abstract

The effects induced by non-noxious electrical stimulation of upper limb nerves on exteroceptive suppression (ES) of masseter muscle EMG activity were studied in 15 healthy subjects. EMG activity of masseter muscles was recorded bilaterally and great care was taken to minimise the activation of afferents other than the stimulated ones. Masseter ES was elicited by applying a non-noxious electrical stimulus to the skin above the mental nerve (Mt) of one side, during a voluntary contraction of masseter muscles at a prescribed steady clenching level. Onset and offset latencies and duration of early and late components of masseter ES (ES1 and ES2, respectively) were evaluated in control conditions and compared to those obtained when a non-noxious electrical stimulation was delivered separately to Med or Rad or simultaneously to both nerves (Med-Rad) of one side. Upper limb nerve stimulation could be simultaneous or it could precede or follow Mt stimulation by various time intervals. In control conditions, ES1 latency onset and duration values (mean ± SD) were 11.3±2.9 ms and 16.9±2.1 ms, respectively, and ES2 latency onset and duration values were 44.5±6.0 ms and 28.6±11.1 ms, respectively. No significant differences were observed which were related to the side being recorded. Two types of effects, opposite in nature, were shown on masseter ES, depending on the time intervals between Mt and upper limb nerve stimulation. The first effect, which was facilitatory, consisted of a significant increase in ES1 and ES2 duration. A maximal increase in ES1 duration (134–155% compared to control value) occurred when upper limb nerve stimulation preceded that of Mt by 18–30 ms. Maximal ES2 lengthening (115–145%) was observed when upper limb nerve stimulation followed that of the Mt by 10 ms. The second effect was inhibitory and affected only ES2, which appeared completely eliminated when Med stimulation preceded that of Mt by 40–80 ms. By contrast, ES1 was never suppressed at any interstimulus interval. These data might reflect the different action of the central outflow, following the upper limb-induced effects, on the different neuronal circuits mediating ES1 and ES2.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:617
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Masseter muscles, median nerve, radial nerve, spinotrigeminal relationship, exteroceptive suppression, humans
Subjects:Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/09 Fisiologia
Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/26 Neurologia
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze biomediche
001 Università di Sassari > 03 Istituti > Clinica neurologica
Publisher:Springer Berlin / Heidelberg
eISSN:1432-1106
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:02

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