Kraleva, Elka and Saladino, Maria Luisa and Matassa, Roberto and Caponetti, Eugenio and Enzo, Stefano and Spojakina, Alla (2011) Phase formation in mixed TiO2-ZrO2 oxides prepared by sol-gel method. Journal of Structural Chemistry, Vol. 52 (2), p. 330-339. ISSN 0022-4766. eISSN 1573-8779. Article.
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Pure titania, zirconia, and mixed oxides (3-37 mol.% of ZrO2) are prepared using the sol-gel method and calcined at different temperatures. The calcined samples are characterized by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and nitrogen adsorption porosimetry. Measurements reveal a thermal stability of the titania anatase phase that slightly increases in the presence of 3-13 mol.% of zirconia. Practically, the titania anatase-rutile phase transformation is hindered during the temperature increase above 700°C. The mixed oxide with 37 mol.% of ZrO2 treated at 550°C shows a new single amorphous phase with a surface area of the nanoparticles double with respect to the other crystalline samples and the formed srilankite structure (at 700°C). The anatase phase is not observed in the sample containing 37 mol.% of ZrO2. The treatment at 700°C causes the formation of the srilankite (Ti0.63Zr0.37Ox) phase.
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