Domizio, Paola and Romani, Cristina and Comitini, Francesca and Gobbi, Mirko and Lencioni, Livio and Mannazzu, Ilaria Maria and Ciani, Maurizio (2011) Potential spoilage non-Saccharomyces yeasts in mixed cultures with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Annals of Microbiology, Vol. 61 (1), p. 137-144. ISSN 1590-4261. eISSN 1869-2044. Article.
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With the aim of exploring the possibility to improve wine quality through the utilization of wine-related yeasts generally considered as spoilage, mixed cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with Hanseniaspora osmophila, Pichia fermentans, Saccharomycodes ludwigii and Zygosaccharomyces bailii were inoculated in grape juice. All the fermentations got to completion and most of the compounds normally produced at high concentrations by pure cultures of non-Saccharomyces yeasts, and considered detrimental for wine quality, did not reach the threshold taste level in mixed fermentations with S. cerevisiae. Interestingly, the association of S. cerevisiae with P. fermentans, S. ludwigii and Z. bailii produced significant increases in the production of polysaccharides as compared to pure cultures of S. cerevisiae. Since polysaccharides improve wine taste and body, and exert positive effects on aroma persistence and protein and tartrate stability, a possible use for these yeasts can be envisaged in mixed starter cultures with S. cerevisiae for the enhancement of the final quality of wine.
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