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An Optimized protocol for hip joint centre determination using the functional method

Camomilla, Valentina and Cereatti, Andrea and Vannozzi, Giuseppe and Cappozzo, Aurelio (2006) An Optimized protocol for hip joint centre determination using the functional method. Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 39 (6), p. 1096-1106. ISSN 0021-9290. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2005.02.008


The functional method identifies the hip joint centre (HJC) as the centre of rotation of the femur relative to the pelvis during an ad hoc movement normally recorded using stereophotogrammetry. This method may be used for the direct determination of subject-specific HJC coordinates or for creating a database from which regression equations may be derived that allow for the prediction of those coordinates. In order to contribute to the optimization of the functional method, the effects of the following factors were investigated: the algorithm used to estimate the HJC coordinates from marker coordinates, the type and amplitude of the movement of the femur relative to the pelvis, marker cluster location and dimensions, and the number of data samples. This was done using a simulation approach which, in turn, was validated using experiments made on a physical analogue of the pelvis and femur system. The algorithms used in the present context were classified and, in some instances, modified in order to optimize both accuracy and computation time, and submitted to a comparative evaluation. The type of movement that allowed for the most accurate results consisted of several flexion-extension/abduction-adduction movements performed on vertical planes of different orientations, followed by a circumduction movement. The accuracy of the HJC estimate improved, with an increasing rate, as a function of the amplitude of these movements. A sharp improvement was found as the number of the photogrammetric data samples used to describe the movement increased up to 500. For optimal performance with the recommended algorithms, markers were best located as far as possible from each other and with their centroid as close as possible to the HJC. By optimizing the analytical and experimental protocol, HJC location error not caused by soft tissue artefacts may be reduced by a factor of ten with a maximal expected value for such error of approximately 1 mm.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:6130
Uncontrolled Keywords:Movement analysis, stereophotogrammetry, biomechanics, joint kinematics, functional method, centre of rotation, hip joint
Subjects:Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-INF/06 Bioingegneria elettronica e informatica
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze biomediche
Deposited On:09 Jun 2011 13:01

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