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A New species of long-eared bat (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) from Sardinia (Italy)

Mucedda, Mauro and Kiefer, Andreas and Pidinchedda, Ermanno and Veith, Michael (2002) A New species of long-eared bat (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) from Sardinia (Italy). Acta Chiropterologica, Vol. 4 (2), p. 121-135. ISSN 1508-1109. Article.

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Abstract

We describe a new species of long eared bat, genus Plecotus, from the island of Sardinia (Italy). The new species is clearly distinguishable from other European Plecotus species by its mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene (4.1–9.6 % sequence divergence) as well as by a unique combination of morphological characters such as brownish colour of dorsal pelage, a relatively large thumb and thumb claw, an almost cylindrical form of the penis and the characteristic shape of the baculum. The most important morphological diagnostic characters is a relatively long (≥18mm) and wide (≥6mm) tragus. The new species is currently known from three localities on Sardinia. In addition to the new species we discovered a lineage of P. auritus, which is substantially differentiated from continental P. auritus at subspecific level (1.2–2.7 % of sequence divergence of the 16S rRNA gene). The existence of these two endemic bat taxa on Sardinia highlights the island’s importance in the conservation of the European bat community.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:5997
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Plecotus sp. nov., long-eared bat, Sardinia, DNA sequence analysis, 16S rRNA, morphology, conservation
Subjects:Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/05 Zoologia
Divisions:002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > Gruppo speleologico sassarese, Sassari > Centro pipistrelli Sardegna, Sassari
Publisher:Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences
ISSN:1508-1109
Publisher Policy:Depositato per gentile concessione dell'Editore
Deposited On:06 May 2011 16:15

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