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Genetic differentiation among populations of Minona ileanae (Platyhelminthes: Proseriata) from the Red Sea and the Suez Canal

Lai, Tiziana and Curini Galletti, Marco and Casu, Marco (2008) Genetic differentiation among populations of Minona ileanae (Platyhelminthes: Proseriata) from the Red Sea and the Suez Canal. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol. 362 (1), p. 9-17. ISSN 0022-0981. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2008.05.003

Abstract

The phenomenon of Lessepsian migration has stimulated the interest of biologists ever since the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, concerning, in particular, the possible effects of migrants on Mediterranean autochthonous communities. So far, most attention has been devoted to macrofaunal taxa – yet, the nature of the sandy shores of the Canal may constitute an ideal habitat for many interstitial taxa. However, studies on these organisms, and especially on “inconspicuous” taxa, such as the microturbellaria, are almost completely lacking. A recent sampling campaign along the shores of the Suez Canal, aimed at studying the composition and distribution of free-living Platyhelminthes in the area, potential invaders of the Mediterranean Sea, revealed the occurrence of the interstitial species Minona ileanae (Neoophora: Proseriata), first described on specimens collected in the Gulf of Eilat-Aqaba (Red Sea). The presence of a significant population of this species in the Suez area, a possible source of colonizers of the Canal, allowed comparison between its genetic pattern and those obtained from three populations collected in the Canal. Their genetic structure was surveyed by means of ISSR (Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat) molecular markers. UPGMA cluster analysis based on the matrix of interindividual dissimilarity (1-relatedness) and the assignment test revealed sharp genetic divergence among the four samples with a highly significant FST value (0.155, P < 0.001). The significant genetic differentiation may be related to a post-1869 colonisation of the Canal with swift genetic divergence, due to either different pressure selection of the habitats and/or the short life cycle of M. ileanae, or, more convincingly, to an early migration to the Isthmus in pre-Lessepsian periods, during i) the Last Interglacial Optimum, ii) the Holocene Climatic Optimum, or iii) across the artificial waterways built by the ancient Egyptians from the 13th century B.C. onwards. The remarkable tolerance shown in laboratory of the species to salinity values ranging from as low as 10‰ to 80‰ supports the possibility that M. ileanae may have survived in the water bodies of the Isthmus in pre-Lessepsian times.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:595
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Genetic variation, ISSRs, isthmus colonization, Minona ileanae, Suez Canal
Subjects:Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/05 Zoologia
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Zoologia e genetica evoluzionistica
Publisher:Elsevier Science
ISSN:0022-0981
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:02

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