Feligini, Maria and Frati, S. and Vlaco, Slavica and Parma, Pietro and Enne, Giuseppe (2003) Polymorphism of αS1-casein in goat milk: identification of A, B, E and F variants by biochemical and genetic analysis. Italian Journal of Animal Science, Vol. 2 (Suppl. 1), p. 103-105. eISSN 1828-051X. Article.
Many researches, related to genetic polymorphism of αS1-casein in goat milk, showed a marked variability and implications in milk and dairy product traits. The genetic variants (from A to G) were associated with four levels of expression: 3,6 g/L per A, B and C (“strong” alleles); 1,6 g/L per E (“medium” allele); 0,6 g/L per F (“weak” allele) and 0 g/L per O (“null” allele). Differences existing among the A, B, C, D, E, F, G and O have been described (Grosclaude et al., 1994). To analyze genetic polymorphism of caseins from goat milk, distinct electrophoretic (Russo et al., 1986; Addeo et al., 1988) and chromatographic techniques (Jaubert and Martin, 1992; Iametti et al., 1999) were applied. In last years, the advancement in technological field is allowing the research of primary structure of protein variants (Ferranti et al., 1997; Trujillo et al., 2000) and basic sequence of new alleles (Martin et al., 1999; Bevilacqua et al., 2002; Ramunno et al., 2002). In this work, we employed electrophoretic protein separation (IEF and SDS-PAGE), chromatographic analysis (RP-HPLC) and molecular biology techniques based on polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) to detect αS1-CN genetic variants from goat milk. The utility of protein and DNA analysis combination was discussed.
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