Evidente, Antonio and Maddau, Lucia and Scanu, Bruno and Andolfi, Anna and Masi, Marco and Motta, Andrea and Tuzi, Angela (2011) Sphaeropsidones, phytotoxic dimedone methyl ethers produced by diplodia cupressi: a structure−activity relationship study. Journal of Natural Products, Vol. 74 (4), p. 757-763. eISSN 1520-6025. Article.
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Sphaeropsidone and episphaeropsidone are two phytotoxic dimedone methyl ethers produced by Diplodia cupressi, the causal agent of a canker disease of cypress in the Mediterranean area. In this study, eight derivatives obtained by chemical modifications and two natural analogues were assayed for phytotoxic and antifungal activities, and a structure−activity relationship was examined. Each compound was tested on nonhost plants and on five fungal pathogenic species belonging to the genus Phytophthora. The results provide insights into structure−activity relationships within these compounds. It was found that the hydroxy group at C-5, the absolute C-5 configuration, the epoxy group, and the C-2 carbonyl group appear to be structural features important in conferring biological activity. The conversion of sphaeropsidone into the corresponding 1,4-dione derivative led to a compound showing greater antifungal activity than its precursor. This finding could be useful in devising new natural fungicides for practical application in agriculture.
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