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Sphaeropsidones, phytotoxic dimedone methyl ethers produced by diplodia cupressi: a structure−activity relationship study

Evidente, Antonio and Maddau, Lucia and Scanu, Bruno and Andolfi, Anna and Masi, Marco and Motta, Andrea and Tuzi, Angela (2011) Sphaeropsidones, phytotoxic dimedone methyl ethers produced by diplodia cupressi: a structure−activity relationship study. Journal of Natural Products, Vol. 74 (4), p. 757-763. eISSN 1520-6025. Article.

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DOI: 10.1021/np100837r

Abstract

Sphaeropsidone and episphaeropsidone are two phytotoxic dimedone methyl ethers produced by Diplodia cupressi, the causal agent of a canker disease of cypress in the Mediterranean area. In this study, eight derivatives obtained by chemical modifications and two natural analogues were assayed for phytotoxic and antifungal activities, and a structure−activity relationship was examined. Each compound was tested on nonhost plants and on five fungal pathogenic species belonging to the genus Phytophthora. The results provide insights into structure−activity relationships within these compounds. It was found that the hydroxy group at C-5, the absolute C-5 configuration, the epoxy group, and the C-2 carbonyl group appear to be structural features important in conferring biological activity. The conversion of sphaeropsidone into the corresponding 1,4-dione derivative led to a compound showing greater antifungal activity than its precursor. This finding could be useful in devising new natural fungicides for practical application in agriculture.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:5768
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sphaeropsidone, episphaeropsidone, diplodia cupressi, Mediterranean area, Phytophthora, canker disease of cypress
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/12 Patologia vegetale
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Protezione delle piante
Publisher:American Chemical Society
eISSN:1520-6025
Copyright Holders:© 2011 American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy
Deposited On:10 May 2011 16:54

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