Garippa, Giovanni and Battelli, Giorgio and Cringoli, Giuseppe and Giangaspero, Annunziata and Giannetto, Salvatore and Manfredi, Maria Teresa (2004) Aggiornamenti epidemiologici sull’echinococcosi animale in Italia. Parassitologia, Vol. 46 , p. 33-38. ISSN 0048-2951. Article.
Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) is one of the most widespread parasitoses in the Mediterranean Region (MR). This is due to various factors, the most important being the close association between man, sheep and dogs in areas where open farming is practised. Although this disease has been known for several years and many studies have been carried out, nowadays in Italy there are no complete epidemiological data on its diffusion and distribution. The available data show that CE is mainly diffused in those districts where the sheep-dog cycle can be perpetuated, such as central and southern Italy, and the islands. Furthermore, no data are available on biomolecular characterisation of the strains of Echinococcus granulosus in Italy, apart form those in Sardinia, where the G1 (sheep-dog) and G7 (pig-dog) strains were recently isolated. One of the reasons why CE is a problem with no easy solution is undoubtedly the difficulty of making a certain diagnosis in the dog, the principal definitive host of E. granulosus.
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