Zinellu, Angelo and Sotgia, Salvatore and Campesi, Ilaria and Franconi, Flavia and Deiana, Luca and Carru, Ciriaco (2011) Measurement of carnosine, homocarnosine and anserine by FASI capillary electrophoresis UV detection: applications on biological samples. Talanta, Vol. 84 (3), p. 931-935. ISSN 0039-9140. Article.
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A field amplified sample injection (FASI) capillary electrophoresis method with UV detection was developed for the separation and detection of carnosine-related peptides carnosine (Car), anserine (Ans) and homocarnosine (Hcar). The imidazole dipeptides were baseline-separated within 10 min by using 50 mmol/L Tris phosphate pH 2.2 as running buffer. The samples were diluted in water and directly injected on the capillary without complex cleanup and/or sample derivatization procedures. Using the electrokinetic injection, a sensitivity improvement of about 500-fold was achieved without any loss of separation efficiency if compared to the conventional sample injection. The detection limits for carnosine, anserine, and homocarnosine were between 0.4 and 0.5 nmol/L, thus improving of 10- to 100-fold the LOD of previous described methods based on laser induced fluorescence or chemiluminescence detection. This method has been applied to the analysis of homogenized rat tissue (heart, muscle and brain) and human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
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