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Elastic and ductile design of multi-storey crosslam massive wooden buildings under seismic actions

Fragiacomo, Massimo and Dujic, Bruno and Sustersic, Iztok (2011) Elastic and ductile design of multi-storey crosslam massive wooden buildings under seismic actions. Engineering Structures, Vol. 33 (11), p. 3043-3053. ISSN 0141-0296. eISSN 1873-7323. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2011.05.020

Abstract

The paper discusses the seismic design of multi-storey buildings made from cross-laminated timber panels (‘crosslam’). The use of seismic analysis methods such as the modal response spectrum and the non-linear static (push-over) analysis is discussed at length, including issues such as the modelling of crosslam walls and connections, the evaluation of the connection stiffness, and the schematization of floor panels. It was found that it is crucial to account for the flexibility of the connections (hold-downs and angle brackets) between upper and lower walls, since otherwise the vibration periods of the building would be underestimated. The basics of capacity design to ensure the attainment of ductile mechanisms in crosslam timber structures under seismic actions are presented. The ductile failure mechanism is characterized by plasticization of connectors (hold-downs, angle brackets and screws) between adjacent wall panels and between panels and foundations. The crosslam panels and the connections between adjacent floor panels must be designed for the overstrength of the connectors to ensure that they remain elastic during the earthquake and the ductile failure mechanism is attained. Based on the results of preliminary quasi-static cyclic tests, a value of 1.3 was found for the overstrength factors of hold-downs and angle brackets. A case study multi-storey crosslam massive wooden building was then analysed using the non-linear push-over analysis as implemented in the N2 method recommended by the Eurocode 8. The building was modelled using shell elements and non-linear links to schematize the hold-downs and angle brackets. The building ductility, calculated from the bilinear curve equivalent to the actual non-linear push-over curve, was then investigated. Such a quantity, defined as the ratio of the displacement at the near collapse state and the maximum elastic displacement of the top floor, was found to rise from 1.7 to 2.5 when ductile instead of brittle hold-downs and angle brackets are used. Furthermore, the maximum peak ground acceleration the building can resist raised from 0.2g to 0.4g, demonstrating the importance of using ductile connectors in seismic design.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:5741
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cyclic tests, cross-laminated panels, ductility, earthquake design, multi-storey buildings, push-over analysis, seismic performance, timber, wood
Subjects:Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/09 Tecnica delle costruzioni
Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/09 Tecnica delle costruzioni
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Architettura e pianificazione
Publisher:Pergamon / Elsevier
ISSN:0141-0296
eISSN:1873-7323
Copyright Holders:© 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Deposited On:26 May 2011 09:24

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