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Phytomass production from Silybum marianum for bioenergy

Sulas, Leonardo and Murgia, Lelia and Ventura, Andrea (2008) Phytomass production from Silybum marianum for bioenergy. Options méditerranéennes. Série A: Séminaires méditerranéens, Vol. 79 , p. 487-490. ISSN 1016-121X. Article.

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Abstract

Sylybum marianum Gaertner is a herbaceous thorny member of the Composite family, common in the native flora of the Mediterranean basin. Silybum marianum seeds contain a complex substance called silymarin, well appreciated for treating human liver diseases and animal wellbeing. Because of its extremely aggressive vegetative growth, causing stress on adjacent plants, it is know as a dangerous weed in cropping areas. On the over hand, the rusticity and the high growth rates of S. marianum make it interesting for bioenergy purposes in rainfed Mediterranean environments. A research work was started in Sardinia in order to evaluate the performance of this species in terms of biomass production under low input conditions. Data on undisturbed dry matter accumulation, yiel, and phytomass partitioning into its components (leaves, stems and heads) were collected. The heating value and the energy balance of the crop were also assessed. The first year results are reported in this paper.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:5580
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Milk thistle, biomass, calorific value, energetic balance, bioenergy
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/09 Meccanica agraria
Divisions:002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > CNR-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche > Istituto di biometeorologia, Sassari
002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > CNR-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche > Istituto per il sistema produzione animale in ambiente Mediterraneo, Sassari
001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Ingegneria del territorio
Publisher:CIHEAM-IAMZ
ISSN:1016-121X
Additional Information:Paper presented at "Sustainable Mediterranean grasslands and their multi-functions": 12. Meeting of the Sub-network on Mediterranean Forage Resources of the FAO-CIHEAM Inter-regional Cooperative Research and Development Network on Pastures and Fodder Crops, 12, Elvas (Portugal), 9-12 April 2008.
Deposited On:21 Feb 2011 09:24

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