Coppola, Elio and Capra, Gian Franco and Odierna, Pierclaudio and Vacca, Sergio and Buondonno, Andrea (2010) Lead distribution as related to pedological features of soils in the Volturno River low basin (Campania, Italy). Geoderma, Vol. 159 (3-4), p. 342-349. eISSN 1872-6259. Article.
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The Volturno River plain (Campania, Italy), is an extensive alluvial formation with large pedovariability, supporting valuable crop and livestock productions. The presence of illegal waste dumps with Potentially Toxic Elements (PTEs) could threaten both environmental safety and the agricultural activities. Research is currently underway aiming to evaluate the environmental conditions and present and potential agronomic quality of the soils. This study deals with the occurrence and distribution of Pb in soils with reference to different pedological features. An extensive survey of soil profiles and core top-subsoils was carried out. Soil genesis and evolution would appear to be affected by various, mainly natural, factors, such as the variability/dynamics of sediments connected with river digression, flow regime and flooding, but also human, through the land reclamation of marsh areas. Classified pedotypes vary from Entisols to Vertisols. The former are seen in the areas near the Volturno riverbanks — frequently rejuvenated by flooding materials — the latter in stabilized inner areas that are far from riverbed.
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