Succu, Sara and Berlinguer, Fiammetta and Leoni, Giovanni Giuseppe and Bebbere, Daniela and Satta, Valentina and Marco Jiménez, Francisco and Pasciu, Valeria and Naitana, Salvatore (2011) Calcium concentration in vitrification medium affects the developmental competence of in vitro matured ovine oocytes. Theriogenology, Vol. 75 (4), p. 715-721. eISSN 1879-3231. Article.
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The present study was designed to determine whether different calcium concentrations in the vitrification solutions could improve the developmental competence of in vitro matured ovine oocytes after cryopreservation. In vitro matured oocytes were vitrified with 16.5% ethylene glycol (EG) + 16.5% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) vitrification media. The base media contain different calcium concentrations, so that five experimental groups were obtained: TCM/FCS (TCM 199 + 20% fetal calf serum (FCS), [Ca2+] 9.9 mg/dl); PBS/FCS (Dulbecco Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) + 20% FCS, [Ca2+] 4.4 mg/dl); PBSCaMg free/FCS (PBS without Ca2+ and Mg2+ + 20% FCS [Ca2+] 2.2 mg/dl); PBS/BSA (PBS + 0.4% bovine serum albumin (BSA), [Ca2+] 3.2 mg/dl) and PBSCaMg free/BSA (PBS without Ca2+ and Mg2+ +0.4% BSA, [Ca2+] 0.4 mg/dl). After warming, the oocytes from the five experimental groups were assessed for survival, spontaneous parthenogenetic activation and developmental capacity via in vitro fertilization. Oocyte survival after vitrification procedures was better preserved in group PBSCaMg free/FCS compared to the others (P < 0.05). In addition, a positive correlation was found between calcium concentration in vitrification solutions and spontaneous parthenogenetic activation (correlation index 0,82; P < 0.001). Development of vitrified oocytes was significantly affected by vitrification media composition (P < 0.01). In particular, oocytes from group PBSCaMg free/FCS led to higher cleavage rates and blastocyst rate compared to the others. Our data showed that lowering calcium concentration in the vitrification medium improves the blastocyst rate of vitrified ovine oocytes, probably reducing the effect of EG + DMSO during vitrification. On the contrary, the replacement of FCS with BSA dramatically reduces the developmental potential of these oocytes.
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