Frau, Maddalena and Ladu, Sara and Calvisi, Diego Francesco and Simile, Maria Maddalena and Bonelli, Piero and Daino, Lucia and Tomasi, Maria Lauda and Seddaiu, Maria Antonietta and Feo, Francesco and Pascale, Rosa Maria (2011) Mybl2expression is under genetic control and contributes to determine a hepatocellular carcinoma susceptible phenotype. Journal of Hepatology, Vol. 55 (1), p. 111-119. eISSN 1600-0641. Article.
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Backgrouds & aims:
MYBL2 is implicated in human malignancies and overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We investigated Mybl2 role in acquisition of susceptibility to HCC and tumor progression.
MYBL2 mRNA and protein levels were evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR and immunoblotting, respectively. MYBL2 expression in HCC cell lines was manipulated by MYBL2 cDNA or anti-MYBL2 siRNA transfection. Gene expression profile of transfected cells with MYBL2 was analyzed by microarray.
Low induction of Mybl2 and its target Clusterin mRNAs, in low-grade dysplastic nodules (DN), progressively increased in fast growing high-grade DN and HCC of F344 rats, susceptible to hepatocarcinogenesis, whereas no/lower increases occurred in slow growing lesions of resistant BN rats. Highest Mybl2 protein activation, prevalently nuclear, occurred in F344 than BN lesions. Highest Mybl2, Clusterin, Cdc2, and Cyclin B1 expression occurred in fast progressing DN and HCC of E2f1 transgenics, compared to c-Myc transgenics, and anti-Mybl2 siRNA had highest anti-proliferative and apoptogenic effects in cell lines from HCC of E2f1 transgenics. MYBL2 transfected HepG2 and Huh7 cells exhibited increased cell proliferation and G1-S and G2-M cell cycle phases. The opposite occurred when MYBL2 was silenced by specific siRNA. MYBL2 transfection in Huh7 cells led to upregulation of genes involved in signal transduction, cell proliferation, cell motility, and downregulation of oncosuppressor and apoptogenic genes.
MYBL2 expression and activation are under genetic control. Mybl2 upregulation induces fast growth and progression of premalignant and malignant liver, through cell cycle deregulation and activation of genes and pathways related to tumor progression.
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