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Morphometric and ultrastructural features of the mare oviduct epithelium during oestrus

Desantis, Salvatore and Zizza, Sara and Accogli, Gianluca and Acone, Franca and Rossi, R. and Resta, Leonardo (2011) Morphometric and ultrastructural features of the mare oviduct epithelium during oestrus. Theriogenology, Vol. 75 (4), p. 671-678. eISSN 1879-3231. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2010.10.007

Abstract

Morphometric, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) investigations have displayed regional differences in the mare oviductal epithelium. The entire mucosa of the oviduct was lined with a pseudostratified epithelium, which consisted of two distinct cell types, ciliated and non-ciliated. Ciliated cells were predominant in the three different segments of the oviduct and their percentage increased from fimbriae to ampulla and significantly decreased in the isthmus. SEM revealed in the infundibulum finger-like mucosal folds, some of them interconnected, in the ampulla numerous and elaborated branched folds of the mucosa, whereas the isthmus displayed a narrow lumen, short and non-branched mucosal folds. In the ampulla and isthmus the majority of non-ciliated cells showed apical blebs provided or not of short microvilli. TEM displayed different ultrastructural features of ciliated and non-ciliated cells along the oviduct. Isthmus ciliated cells presented a more electron-dense cytoplasm than in infundibulum and ampulla cells and its cilia were enclosed in an amorphous matrix. The non-ciliated cells of infundibulum did not contain secretory granules but some apical endocytic vesicles and microvilli coated by a well developed glycocalyx. Non-ciliated cells of ampulla and isthmus contained secretory granules. Apical protrusions of ampulla displayed two types of secretory granules as well as occasional electron-lucent vesicles. Isthmus non-ciliated cells showed either electron-lucent or electron-dense cytoplasm and not all contained apical protrusions. The electron-dense non-ciliated cells displayed microvilli coated with a well developed glycocalyx. Three types of granules were observed in the isthmus non-ciliated cells. The regional differences observed along the epithelium lining the mare oviduct suggest that the epithelium of the each segment is involved in the production of a distinctive microenvironment with a unique biochemical milieu related to its functional role.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:5439
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Oviduct, ultrastructure, SEM, TEM, horse
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > VET/01 Anatomia degli animali domestici
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Biologia animale
Publisher:Elsevier
eISSN:1879-3231
Deposited On:08 Feb 2011 11:03

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